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Employment

Canadian Unemployment Rate Falls for the First Time in 2014

In March of 2014, Canadian jobless rate fell to 6.9 from 7.0 percent in the previous month and 7.2 percent a year earlier. Employment increased by 42,900, driven by gains among youths, compared with a loss of 7,000 jobs in February.

Compared with March of 2013, the number of people working rose by 190,000.Youth unemployment rate remained at 13.6 percent, although employment rose by 33,000 among youths aged 15 to 24, while it was little changed for the other demographic groups.Provincially, employment increased in British Columbia and New Brunswick, edged up in Quebec and fell in Nova Scotia.There were more people working in health care and social assistance, and in business, building and other support services. At the same time, employment fell in agriculture. Public sector employment increased in March while the number of private sector employees and self-employed was unchanged

International Picture

In 2011, Canada was second among the G7 countries in employment with an employment rate of 72.0% among people aged 15 to 64 years. Germany led with a rate of 72.6%. Italy, at 56.9% had the lowest employment rate. The average employment rate for OECD countries was 64.8% in 2011.

Employment Rate of Total Population

Employment can be measured as a percentage of the total Canadian population instead of the working adult population.

By this measure, 50.2% of the total population in 2012 was employed, up 8.6 percentage points from 41.6% in 1976.

Part-time and Full-time Employment

Part-time employment has increased over the last three decades. The part-time employment rate increased from 7.1% in 1976 to 11.6% in 2012. Full-time employment rates have remained fairly constant during the same time, being at 50.0% in 1976 and at 50.2% in 2012.

Part-time employment rates increased most notably among youth aged 15 to 24. Almost half (47.3%) of the employed 15-to-24 year-olds worked part-time in 2012, compared with one in five (21.1%) in 1976.[1]

In 2012, 27.2% of part-time workers stated a preference to be working full-time. These are considered to be involuntary part-time workers.[2]

 

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