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The Climate and Weather of Winnipeg, Manitoba

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Winnipeg

Average Daily Maximum Temperature – Minimum – Sunshine – Raindays – Snowdays – Snowdepth – Windspeed

Located in Southern Manitoba, Winnipeg endures very cold and occasionally rather brutal winter temperatures. Canadians in other provinces sometimes refer jokingly to “Winterpeg”, Manitoba.

Winnipeg has a cold continental climate with a short, very warm summer and a long, cold winter. Despite the cold weather, Winnipeg’s skies are among the clearest in Canada and Winnipeg enjoys much sunny weather all year round.

Snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about 132 days each year in Winnipeg, compared with about 10 days each year inVancouver, 35 days in Penticton, 65 days in Toronto, 88 days in Calgary, and 120 days in Ottawa.

Winnipeg has a windy climate, which it owes to its prairie location. There are few natural barriers to prairie winds, allowing them to sweep down from the Arctic in wintertime.

The combination of very low temperatures and high windspeed is dangerous – and can be life threatening. Weather forecasters in Manitoba issue warnings not to venture out in such conditions.

Although Winnipeg endures lower winter temperatures than Toronto, people who live in Winnipeg claim their city’s dry winter cold is more pleasant than the damper cold in Toronto.

Science lends some support to these claims. Toronto is more overcast in winter than Winnipeg, so there is more radiant heating from the sun in Winnipeg than Toronto. Furthermore, the wet snow in Toronto is warmer than the powder snow in Winnipeg and as a result adds more moisture to the air. Moist air carries heat away from the skin more quickly than dry air does, hence Toronto can feel colder than someone from Winnipeg might expect.

The winter air in Winnipeg is so dry that many householders use humidifiers in their homes to add moisture back into the air. Many people feel uncomforable in very dry air, and there can be problems with skin drying and cracking.

Winnipeg, Manitoba

Month
of
year
Av. Daily
Max. Temp.
(°C)
Av. Daily
Min.
Temp. (°C)
Av. hours
Sun
(per day)
Av. Days
with
Rain
Av. Days
with
Snowfall
Av. Depth
Snow on
Ground (cm)
Av. Wind
Speed
(km per hr)
Jan. -13 -23 3.9 1 12 18 17
Feb. -9 -19 4.9 1 8 20 17
Mar. -1 -11 5.8 3 7 13 18
Apr. 10 -2 8.0 5 3 3 18
May 19 5 9.2 11 1 0 18
Jun. 23 11 9.4 13 0 0 16
Jul. 26 13 10.2 11 0 0 15
Aug. 25 12 9.0 10 0 0 15
Sep. 19 6 6.0 11 0 0 17
Oct. 11 0 4.7 8 2 0 18
Nov. -1 -10 3.1 2 9 5 17
Dec. -10 -19 3.2 1 11 10 17

Climate and Weather of Ottawa, Ontario

ottawa-weatherAverage Daily Maximum Temperature – Minimum – Sunshine – Raindays – Snowdays – Snowdepth – Windspeed

Ottawa lies farther north than Toronto, resulting in significantly colder winters

 Unlike many of Ontario’s cities, Ottawa does not sit on the shores of Lake Ontario. This results in higher summer temperatures in Ottawa but increases the harshness of the winters.

Ottawa has a semi-continental climate, with a warm, humid summer and a very cold winter.

Winters in Ottawa are severe. Snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about 120 days each year compared with about 65 days in Toronto. Much greater depths of snow are also found in Ottawa than Toronto.

Ottawa, like other cities in Ontario, enjoys a sunny climate. Summers usually have a generous number of warm or hot sunny days.

Winters are rather less sunny than in the prairie cities of Calgary and Winnipeg.

Ottawa suffers less smog than Toronto. Air quality can be classed as very good, good, moderate, poor or very poor. In 2012, Ottawa had 29 days of moderate air quality. The rest were good or very good.

Ottawa’s day-to day-weather can be changeable throughout the year.

Ottawa, Ontario

Month
of
year
Av. Daily
Max. Temp.
(°C)
Av. Daily
Min.
Temp. (°C)
Av. hours
Sun
(per day)
Av. Days
with
Rain
Av. Days
with
Snowfall
Av. Depth
Snow on
Ground (cm)
Av. Wind
Speed
(km per hr)
Jan. -6 -15 3.3 4 15 21 14
Feb. -4 -13 4.4 3 11 25 14
Mar. 2 -7 5.2 6 8 20 14
Apr. 11 1 6.3 11 3 2 14
May 19 8 7.4 13 0 0 12
Jun. 24 13 8.4 13 0 0 11
Jul. 26 15 8.9 12 0 0 10
Aug. 25 14 8.0 12 0 0 9
Sep. 20 10 5.7 14 0 0 10
Oct. 12 4 4.4 14 1 0 12
Nov. 5 -2 2.8 11 5 1 13
Dec. -3 -10 2.6 5 13 11 13

Climate and Weather of Montreal, Quebec

montreal-weatherAverage Daily Maximum Temperature – Minimum – Sunshine – Raindays – Snowdays – Snowdepth – Windspeed

Montreal’s climate is rather similar to Ottawa’s; Montreal is a little windier.

Montreal has a semi-continental climate, with a warm, humid summer and a very cold winter.

Winters in Montreal are severe. Snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about 109 days each year compared with about 65 days in Toronto. Much greater depths of snow are also found in Montreal than Toronto.

Comparing with some other Canadian cities, snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about:

10 days each year in Vancouver, 35 days in Penticton, 53 days each year in Windsor, 88 days in Calgary, 120 days in Ottawa, and 132 days in Winnipeg.

Montreal enjoys a sunny climate. Summers usually have a generous number of warm or hot sunny days. Winters are rather less sunny than in the prairie cities of Calgary and Winnipeg.

Like most places in Canada, Montreal’s day-to-day weather can be changeable throughout the year.

Montreal, Quebec

Month
of
y
Av. Daily
Max. Temp.
(°C
Av. Daily
Min.
Tep. (°C)
Av. hours
Sun
per day)
Av. Days
with
Rain
Av. Days
with
Snowfall
Av. Depth
Snow on
Ground (cm)
Av. Wind
Speed
(km per hr)
Jan. -6 -15 3.3 4 16 15 17
Feb. -4 -13 4.4 4 12 18 15
Mar. 2 -7 5.1 7 9 13 16
Apr. 11 1 5.8 11 3 1 16
May 19 8 7.4 13 0 0 14
Jun. 24 13 8.2 13 0 0 13
Jul. 26 16 8.8 12 0 0 12
Aug. 25 14 7.8 12 0 0 11
Sep. 20 9 5.8 12 0 0 12
Oct. 13 3 4.5 13 1 0 14
Nov. 5 -2 2.9 11 6 1 15
Dec. -2 -10 2.6 6 13 8 15

Climate and Weather of Edmonton, Alberta

alberta-weatherAverage Daily Maximum Temperature – Minimum – Sunshine – Raindays – Snowdays – Snowdepth – Windspeed

Located in Alberta, Edmonton has a prairie-steppe type climate.

This means it usually enjoys sunny weather, even in winter, and the majority of precipitation comes in summer.

Edmonton enjoys a dry climate with little of the summer humidity that bothers many people in Ontario.

Even in summer, Edmonton’s nights are rather cool.

Edmonton endures very cold winters, with quite a long snow season.

Snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about 141 days each year in Edmonton compared with about 10 days each year inVancouver, 35 days in Penticton, 65 days in Toronto, 88 days inCalgary, and 120 days in Ottawa.

Although it enjoys high sunshine hours, Edmonton’s weather is often changeable – it is also notoriously difficult to predict in detail from day to day.

Edmonton, Alberta

Month
of
year
Av. Daily
Max. Temp.
(°C)
Av. Daily
Min.
Temp. (°C)
Av. hours
Sun
(per day)
Av. Days
with
Rain
Av. Days
with
Snowfall
Av. Depth
Snow on
Ground (cm)
Av. Wind
Speed
(km per hr)
Jan. -8 -19 3.1 1 11 19 12
Feb. -5 -16 4.4 1 8 21 12
Mar. 1 -10 5.5 1 9 16 12
Apr. 11 -2 7.8 5 4 3 14
May 17 3 8.8 11 1 0 15
Jun. 20 8 9.2 14 0 0 13
Jul. 22 9 9.8 14 0 0 10
Aug. 22 8 8.9 13 0 0 10
Sep. 17 3 6.4 10 1 0 12
Oct. 11 -2 5.2 5 2 1 13
Nov. 0 -11 3.3 1 8 5 11
Dec. -6 -17 2.7 1 10 12 12

Climate and Weather of Calgary, Alberta

calgary_mapAverage Daily Maximum Temperature – Minimum – Sunshine – Raindays – Snowdays – Snowdepth – Windspeed

Located in Southern Alberta, Calgary endures very cold winters, although not as cold as Alberta’s capital city, Edmonton, which lies farther north. Snow depths of greater than 1 cm are seen on about 88 days each year in Calgary compared with about 65 days in Toronto.
Calgary has a prairie-steppe type climate. This means it usually enjoys sunny weather, even in winter, and most of its little rainfall comes in summer. The summer rain is vital for the wheat and grass grown on the prairies.
Calgary has a windy climate which it owes to its prairie location – there are few natural barriers to the wind. At times the wind in Calgary takes the form of a Chinook, a hot, dry, Foehn type wind that blasts down from the Rockies.
In winter, the Chinook can raise the temperature in Calgary by 30 degrees Centigrade in the space of a few hours, providing welcome relief from the often bitter cold.

When the Chinook blows, it can cause rapid thawing of snow to slush. Calgary enjoys a dry climate with little of the summer humidity that bothers many people in Ontario. Even in summer, Calgary’s nights are rather cool. Although it enjoys high sunshine hours, Calgary’s weather is often changeable – it is also notoriously difficult to predict in detail from day to day.

Calgary, Alberta

Month of year Av. Daily Max. Temp. (°C) Av. Daily Min. Temp. (°C) Av. hours Sun (per day) Av. Days with Rain Av. Days with Snowfall Av. Depth Snow on Ground (cm) Av. Wind Speed (km per hr)
Jan. -3 -15 3.8 0 10 6 15
Feb. 0 -12 5.0 0 8 4 15
Mar. 4 -8 5.7 1 9 3 15
Apr. 11 -2 7.3 4 6 1 17
May 16 3 8.2 10 2 0 17
Jun. 20 7 9.3 13 0 0 16
Jul. 23 9 10.2 13 0 0 14
Aug. 23 8 9.1 11 0 0 13
Sep. 18 4 6.9 9 2 0 14
Oct. 12 -1 5.8 4 4 0 15
Nov. 3 -9 4.1 1 8 2 14
Dec. -1 -13 3.6 0 8 4 15