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Canada’s first people, the ancestors of the Native Americans, or Indians, arrived in North America from Asia around 40,000 years ago. Later arrivals were the Inuit (Eskimos), who also came from Asia. Europeans reached the Canadian coast in 1497 and a race began between Britain and France for control f the territory.
Ottawa City Hall France gained an initial advantage, and the French founded Quebec in 1608. But the British later occupied eastern Canada in1867, Britain passed the British North America Act, which set up the Dominion of Canada, which was made up of Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Other areas were added, the last being Newfoundland in 1949. Canada fought alongside Britain in both World Wars and man Canadians feel close ties with Britain. Canada is a constitutional monarchy, and the British monarch is Canada’s head of state.